Supporting a statement by restating it in different terms.
A false dilemma presents a choice between two mutually exclusive options, falsely implying that there are no other options.
A false belief that streaks of good luck or bad luck exist, while in fact luck is pretty random.
This form of reasoning is also called a false cause fallacy. It is a logical fallacy that establishes a causal relationship that is not there at all. It is a very commonly used tactic. So much so, that even the Romans recognised it. The post hoc refers to the Latin phrase “post hoc, ergo propter hoc,”…
Using a personal attack to undermine an opponent, questioning motives or personality rather than addressing the arguments themselves.
Tendency to follow through on the path we are on, particularly once we have invested time, money or energy in it.
Irrelevant information that is meant to distract from the topic thatâ€™s being discussed – often sensitive or outrageous.
The argumentum ad populum (Latin for â€˜appeal to the peopleâ€™), uses the voice of the people to proof a point.
The division fallacy, also known as faulty deduction, falsely assumes that something is true for the whole, it is true for the parts. It is the opposite of the composition fallacy.
If it is true for the parts, it is true for the whole.
An argument is assumed automatically wrong because of its origin.
A conviction that a specific course of action is better. just because was always done that way.